brazen palace
A Marvel of Ancient Sri Lankan Architecture


Situated in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, the Brazen Palace stands as a remarkable testament to the architectural prowess of the island’s early civilizations. This magnificent structure, which once housed thousands of Buddhist monks, has captivated visitors for centuries with its grandeur and historical significance.

Historical Background

The Brazen Palace, also known as Lovamahapaya, was constructed during the reign of King Dutugemunu in the 2nd century BCE. Anuradhapura, the capital of ancient Sri Lanka, flourished under the patronage of Buddhist kings, and the Brazen Palace was a testament to their devotion to Buddhism. The palace was originally a nine-story edifice, adorned with a copper roof that glittered brilliantly in the sunlight, earning it the name “Brazen Palace.”

Architectural Splendor

The Brazen Palace was a remarkable architectural feat, spanning an area of 1.6 hectares (4 acres). The original structure had nine stories, consisting of a thousand chambers where Buddhist monks resided. The palace was supported by 1,600 stone pillars, arranged in a grid-like pattern, with each pillar meticulously carved with intricate designs. Sadly, only the stone pillars remain today, as the copper roof and wooden upper floors have long since perished.

The intricate carvings on the stone pillars offer a glimpse into the exceptional craftsmanship of the ancient Sri Lankan artisans. These carvings depict various mythical creatures, including lions, elephants, and dragons, showcasing the rich cultural heritage and religious symbolism of the era. The colossal scale of the Brazen Palace, combined with its ornate details, astounds visitors, making it an architectural marvel even in its present ruined state.

Historical Significance and Preservation

The Brazen Palace played a vital role in the development of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. It served as a residence for the Sangha, the community of Buddhist monks, and as a venue for important religious gatherings and ceremonies. The palace also housed a significant library that contained ancient Buddhist scriptures and texts.

While the Brazen Palace suffered damage due to foreign invasions and natural disasters over the centuries, ongoing efforts by the Sri Lankan government and archaeological authorities have focused on preserving and restoring this cultural treasure. The site has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site and attracts tourists from all over the world, who come to marvel at its architectural grandeur and immerse themselves in the rich history of Anuradhapura.


The Brazen Palace stands as a symbol of Sri Lanka’s rich heritage and the remarkable architectural achievements of its ancient civilizations. Despite the ravages of time, this magnificent structure continues to awe and inspire visitors, transporting them back in time to an era of spiritual enlightenment and cultural brilliance. The ongoing preservation efforts ensure that future generations can appreciate the grandeur of the Brazen Palace, appreciating its historical significance and the lasting impact of Buddhism in Sri Lankan society.

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Useful Tips

  • Brazen Palace is open from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM every day.

  • The entrance fee for the Brazen Palace is approximately Rs. 400 per person for foreigners and Rs. 50 for locals.
  • Visitors are required to dress modestly when visiting the Brazen Palace. It is advisable to wear clothing that covers your shoulders and knees.
  • Photography is allowed inside the Brazen Palace, but visitors are required to pay an additional fee.
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