A Journey Through Sri Lanka's Historical Gem


Nestled in the heart of Sri Lanka, Polonnaruwa stands as a living testament to the island’s rich historical heritage. This ancient city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, boasts an array of archaeological wonders that transport visitors back in time to a bygone era of royal splendor and architectural brilliance. From majestic palaces to intricate temples, Polonnaruwa offers an unparalleled glimpse into the past, making it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking to unravel the mysteries of Sri Lanka’s captivating history. Polonnaruwa was the 2nd kingdom in Sri Lanka.

Government (Monarchy)

  1. Vijayabahu I (1055-1111)
  2. Parakramabahu I (1153-1186)
  3. Nissanka Malla (1187-1196)
  4. Kalinga Magha (1215-1232)

Historical Significance and Background

Polonnaruwa served as the capital of Sri Lanka from the 11th to the 13th centuries AD, a period that witnessed the zenith of Sinhalese civilization. Founded by King Vijayabahu I, this city flourished as a center of power, culture, and commerce. It succeeded Anuradhapura as the capital due to its more strategic location and access to natural resources.

Archaeological Marvels

The city’s historical legacy is etched in its awe-inspiring ruins. One of the most iconic sites is the Quadrangle, a complex that houses the imposing Royal Palace, the graceful Vatadage (a circular relic house), and the intricately carved Rankoth Vehera stupa. These structures showcase the impressive architectural and artistic prowess of the time.

Stunning Surroundings

Polonnaruwa’s allure extends beyond its historical sites. The city is embraced by lush greenery and serene lakes, adding a touch of tranquility to the journey. Parakrama Samudra, an ancient reservoir, not only showcases the engineering marvel of its time but also offers a picturesque setting for sunset views and leisurely boat rides.

Cultural Tapestry

Engaging with the local community allows travelers to delve deeper into Polonnaruwa’s cultural tapestry. The bustling marketplaces offer traditional crafts, local delicacies, and a chance to interact with friendly locals. Traditional dance performances and festivals provide insights into the vibrant spirit of Sri Lanka.

Preservation Efforts

Polonnaruwa’s historical significance is accompanied by rigorous preservation efforts. The meticulous conservation work ensures that the architectural wonders stand strong against the test of time, allowing generations to come to experience their grandeur.


A visit to Polonnaruwa is a mesmerizing journey through history, offering an opportunity to witness the glorious past of Sri Lanka. The harmony between its historical grandeur and natural beauty makes it an enchanting destination for travelers seeking an immersive cultural experience. Whether you’re an archaeology enthusiast or a nature lover, Polonnaruwa promises an unforgettable adventure filled with awe-inspiring marvels and cherished memories. Plan your visit to this captivating UNESCO site and embark on a voyage through time in the heart of Sri Lanka.

green hut hotel & restaurant

Useful Tips

  • he city was the second capital of Sri Lanka, following the fall of Anuradhapura. It was the ruling capital for nearly three centuries, from the 11th to the 13th century.

  • Exploring Polonnaruwa is best done on foot, bicycle, or even by hiring a local guide.

  • When visiting Polonnaruwa, it is advisable to hire a local guide who can provide historical and cultural insights about the ancient city.

  • Visitors can rent bicycles , hire a tuk-tuk or Car (if you travel by another city) to navigate around the ancient city, as the ruins are spread over a vast area.