Best 8 Things To Do in Sigiriya

Sigiriya is a historic site located in the northern part of Sri Lanka. It is also sometimes called Lion Rock, because of the large lion that once guarded the entrance. The ancient palace and fortress were built in the 5th century AD by King Kashyapa, who used it as his capital. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Sri Lanka.

The site is located on top of a large hill, which makes it stand out from the surrounding landscape. Visitors can climb up to the top of the hill, where they can see the ruins of the palace and fortress. Many of the buildings and walls are still standing, and they offer a glimpse into the ancient culture of Sri Lanka.

1. Sigiriya Rock Fortress


Sigiriya Rock Fortress, situated in the northern Matale District, is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Sri Lanka. This ancient marvel was built during the 5th century by King Kasyapa, who reigned for 18 years from 477 AD to 495 AD, as his palace and fortress. The rock fortress has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sigiriya Rock Fortress holds historical significance, as it is the only fortress in the world built on a rock that reaches over 200 meters in height. The fortress was used as the capital of Sri Lanka for almost 14 years during the reign of King Kasyapa. Sigiriya Rock Fortress is a must-see site for history, architecture, landscaping, and art enthusiasts. The ancient architectural marvel with its beautiful gardens and frescoes is a testimony to the greatness of ancient Sri Lanka.

2. Pidurangala Rock


Pidurangala, also known as Pidurangala Rock, is a majestic natural formation located in the central province of Sri Lanka. This massive rock is situated next to the famous Sigiriya Rock Fortress and is often included in a Sigiriya tour package. Although not as well-known as its neighbor, Pidurangala offers stunning views and is definitely worth a visit. To reach the top of Pidurangala, visitors need to hike for about 30-45 minutes. The hike is considered slightly challenging, as there are steep and narrow pathways, but it is doable for most people. Along the way, visitors will pass by a reclining Buddha statue and some ancient Buddhist cave temples, adding to the cultural significance of the site. Pidurangala is a highly recommended site to visit for anyone traveling to Sri Lanka. It has natural beauty, cultural significance, and great hiking experience, all packed into one small mountain. If you are planning a trip to Sri Lanka, do not miss the chance to explore the stunning Pidurangala mountain.

3. Dambulla Cave Temple

dambulla cave temple

A visit to the Dambulla Cave Temple is an enchanting journey through time, blending history, spirituality, and natural beauty. This extraordinary UNESCO World Heritage site stands as a testament to Sri Lanka’s rich cultural tapestry. Dating back over two millennia, the Dambulla Cave Temple holds great historical significance. Originally a refuge for King Valagamba, who sought shelter from South Indian invaders, it transformed into a sacred site during his triumphant return to the throne. The temple complex, consisting of five caves intricately carved into the rock face, became a place of worship and pilgrimage. Explore the hallowed caves, embrace the serenity, and let the splendor of Dambulla Cave Temple leave an indelible mark on your soul.

4. Gems & Jewellery Museum

gems and jewellery

Sri Lanka, known as the “Gem Island,” is renowned for its exquisite gems and intricate jewelry craftsmanship. For centuries, this tropical paradise has been a treasure trove of precious stones, captivating the world with its vibrant colors and exceptional quality. From the fabled Ceylon sapphires to the fiery rubies and lush emeralds, Sri Lanka has an abundance of gems that have been sought after by collectors, traders, and jewelry enthusiasts. This article delves into the rich heritage of gems and jewelry in Sri Lanka, exploring its historical significance, diverse gem varieties, and the art of traditional craftsmanship.

5. Elephant Jeep Safari

minneriya national park

Sri Lanka, also known as the “Pearl of the Indian Ocean,” is a tropical island located in South Asia. Sri Lanka is well known for its exquisite biodiversity and rich wildlife. The country is home to a vast array of animals, birds, and reptiles. One of the main reasons Sri Lanka is known for its wildlife is because it is a biodiversity hotspot. It has been listed as one of the top thirty-five biodiversity hotspots in the world. More than 23% of the country is designated as protected areas, including several national parks and wildlife reserves. One of the main reasons Sri Lanka is known for its wildlife is because it is a biodiversity hotspot. It has been listed as one of the top thirty-five biodiversity hotspots in the world. More than 23% of the country is designated as protected areas, including several national parks and wildlife reserves.

6. Village Tour

village tour

village tours to Sigiriya can offer a unique opportunity to explore a different side of Sri Lanka, away from the hustle-bustle of cities and tourist destinations. With the chance to explore the lush landscapes, cultural heritage, and traditional farming techniques, a trip to Sigiriya can be a perfect getaway for those seeking a break from the typical tourist hotspots. One such village that is gaining traction as a popular tourist destination is Sigiriya in Sri Lanka. Sigiriya is a small village located in the Central Province of Sri Lanka, famous for its UNESCO World Heritage Site – Sigiriya Rock Fortress. Additionally, the village also boasts of a rich history, cultural heritage, and a thriving farming community.

7. Ayurvedic Treatment

ayurvedic treatment

Ayurvedic medicine, an ancient system of natural healing, is gaining increasing popularity worldwide as individuals turn to alternative forms of healing. Among the places that have become renowned for its Ayurvedic treatments is Sri Lanka, which offers visitors an array of Ayurveda remedies that can help to promote balance and alleviate a variety of ailments. Sri Lanka has a long history of practicing Ayurveda, with records indicating that the country has been using the healing system for over 3,000 years. Ayurveda in Sri Lanka is practiced in various forms, including medicinal herbs, oils, massage, and diet. Patients are often prescribed a personalized treatment plan that caters to their specific condition, and practitioners recommend the patient start with a cleansing diet before proper medical treatment can begin.

8. Handmade Cloths (Batik)


Sri Lankan batik is a traditional textile art form renowned for its vibrant and intricate designs. It is a process of decorating fabric with colorful patterns using wax-resist dyeing techniques. Artisans create these patterns by applying hot wax to specific areas of the fabric, which prevents those areas from absorbing dye. After the wax application, the fabric is submerged in dye baths, and the waxed sections maintain their original color. This process can be repeated with different colors, allowing for the creation of complex and visually striking designs.


Overall, Sigiriya is an amazing historic site that should not be missed by anyone visiting Sri Lanka. It offers a glimpse into the ancient history and culture of the country, and it is truly a unique and unforgettable experience.

Useful Tips

  • Planning your trip to the Sigiriya is a full day adventure.
  • Any google search on accommodation will provide a number of options based on your budget and preference.
  • Travel Time from Colombo includes either a 6-hour Drive, a 10-hour Bus Ride, and/or a 8-hour Train Journey.