Biodiversity Hotspot


Sri Lanka, also known as the “Pearl of the Indian Ocean,” is a tropical island located in South Asia. Sri Lanka is well known for its exquisite biodiversity and rich wildlife. The country is home to a vast array of animals, birds, and reptiles.

One of the main reasons Sri Lanka is known for its wildlife is because it is a biodiversity hotspot. It has been listed as one of the top thirty-five biodiversity hotspots in the world. More than 23% of the country is designated as protected areas, including several national parks and wildlife reserves.

The Sri Lankan wildlife includes a variety of species such as elephants, leopards, sloth bears, deer, monkeys, crocodiles, and various species of birds. It is said that Sri Lanka has the highest density of elephants per square kilometer in the world. The elephant is an iconic animal in Sri Lanka, and it is considered a sacred animal among Buddhists.

The country’s biodiversity has been protected in several national parks and reserves, such as Yala National Park, Wilpattu National Park, and Udawalawa National Park. Home to large herds of elephants, monkeys, and bird species, these parks offer visitors the chance to spot exotic wildlife in their natural habitat.

Sri Lanka is also famous for its marine life, including whales, dolphins, sea turtles, and a wide variety of marine fish. The country’s coastal waters are a popular destination for whale watching, with the peak season being from December to April.

Many tourists go to Sri Lanka to experience its wildlife. The country’s various national parks and wildlife reserves offer visitors the chance to see exotic animals in their natural habitats. The best time to visit these reserves is from January to March, which is when the weather is dry and animals come out to the waterholes.

The Sri Lankan government has put in place several measures to protect its wildlife. Conservation efforts have yielded good results, and poaching and illegal wildlife trade have been successfully reduced.

In conclusion, Sri Lanka’s breathtaking landscape, rich history and diverse wildlife make it a unique and captivating destination. Its wildlife is an important part of the country’s national heritage, and efforts are made to preserve it for future generations to enjoy.

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